Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees
(All 244 Inductees for the Years 1986 - 2009)



The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame honors musicians and music-industry figures who have contributed to the energy and evolution of rock music. To be eligible for inclusion, musicians and bands must have released a record at least 25 years prior to the year of induction.




1986
Performers:
  1. Chuck Berry
  2. James Brown
  3. Ray Charles
  4. Sam Cooke
  5. Fats Domino
  6. The Everly Brothers
  7. Buddy Holly
  8. Jerry Lee Lewis
  9. Elvis Presley
10. Little Richard

Nonperformers:
  1. Alan Freed
  2. Sam Phillips

Early Influences:
  1. Robert Johnson
  2. Jimmie Rodgers
  3. Jimmy Yancey

Lifetime Achievement:
  1. John Hammond
1987
Performers:
  1. The Coasters
  2. Eddie Cochran
  3. Bo Diddley
  4. Aretha Franklin
  5. Marvin Gaye
  6. Bill Haley
  7. B.B. King
  8. Clyde McPhatter
  9. Ricky Nelson
10. Roy Orbison
11. Carl Perkins
12. Smokey Robinson
13. Joe Turner
14. Muddy Waters
15. Jackie Wilson

Nonperformers:
  1. Leonard Chess
  2. Ahmet Ertegun
  3. Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
  4. Jerry Wexler

Early Influences:
  1. Louis Jordan
  2. T-Bone Walker
  3. Hank Williams
1988
Performers:
  1. The Beach Boys
  2. The Beatles
  3. The Drifters
  4. Bob Dylan
  5. The Supremes
Nonperformers:
  1. Berry Gordy, Jr.

Early Influences:
  1. Woody Guthrie
  2. Leadbelly
  3. Les Paul

1989
Performers:
  1. Dion
  2. Otis Redding
  3. The Rolling Stones
  4. The Temptations
  5. Stevie Wonder
Nonperformers:
  1. Phil Spector

Early Influences:
  1. The Ink Spots
  2. Bessie Smith
  3. The Soul Stirrers

1990
Performers:
  1. Hank Ballard
  2. Bobby Darin
  3. The Four Seasons
  4. The Four Tops
  5. The Kinks
  6. The Platters
  7. Simon and Garfunkel
  8. The Who
Nonperformers:
  1. Gerry Goffin and Carole King
  2. Brian Holland
  3. Eddie Holland
  4. Lamont Dozier

Early Influences:
  1. Louis Armstrong
  2. Charlie Christian
  3. Ma Rainey

1991
Performers:
  1. LaVern Baker
  2. The Byrds
  3. John Lee Hooker
  4. The Impressions
  5. Wilson Pickett
  6. Jimmy Reed
  7. Ike and Tina Turner
Nonperformers:
  1. Dave Bartholomew
  2. Ralph Bass

Early Influences:
  1. Howlin' Wolf

Lifetime Achievement:
  1. Nesuhi Ertegun

1992
Performers:
  1. Bobby “Blue” Bland
  2. Booker T. and the MG's
  3. Johnny Cash
  4. Jimi Hendrix Experience
  5. Isley Brothers
  6. Sam and Dave
  7. The Yardbirds
Nonperformers:
  1. Leo Fender
  2. Bill Graham
  3. Doc Pomus

Early Influences:
  1. Elmore James
  2. Professor Longhair

1993
Performers:
  1. Ruth Brown
  2. Cream
  3. Creedence Clearwater Revival
  4. The Doors
  5. Etta James
  6. Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers
  7. Van Morrison
  8. Sly and the Family Stone

Nonperformers:
  1. Dick Clark
  2. Milt Gabler

Early Influences:
  1. Dinah Washington
1994
Performers:
  1. The Animals
  2. The Band
  3. Duane Eddy
  4. The Grateful Dead
  5. Elton John
  6. John Lennon
  7. Bob Marley
  8. Rod Stewart

Nonperformers:
  1. Johnny Otis

Early Influences:
  1. Willie Dixon
1995
Performers:
  1. The Allman Brothers Band
  2. Al Green
  3. Janis Joplin
  4. Led Zeppelin
  5. Martha and the Vandellas
  6. Neil Young
  7. Frank Zappa

Nonperformers:
  1. Paul Ackerman

Early Influences:
  1. The Orioles
1996
Performers:
  1. David Bowie
  2. Jefferson Airplane
  3. Little Willie John
  4. Gladys Knight and the Pips
  5. Pink Floyd
  6. The Shirelles
  7. The Velvet Underground

Nonperformers:
  1. Tom Donahue

Early Influences:
  1. Pete Seeger
1997
Performers:
  1. The Bee Gees
  2. Buffalo Springfield
  3. Crosby, Stills and Nash
  4. The Jackson Five
  5. Joni Mitchell
  6. Parliament-Funkadelic
  7. The (Young) Rascals

Nonperformers:
  1. Syd Nathan

Early Influences:
  1. Mahalia Jackson
  2. Bill Monroe
1998
Performers:
  1. The Eagles
  2. Fleetwood Mac
  3. Mamas and Papas
  4. Lloyd Price
  5. Santana
  6. Gene Vincent

Nonperformers:
  1. Allen Toussaint

Early Influences:
  1. "Jelly Roll" Morton
1999
Performers:
  1. Billy Joel
  2. Curtis Mayfield
  3. Paul McCartney
  4. Del Shannon
  5. Dusty Springfield
  6. Bruce Springsteen
  7. The Staple Singers

Nonperformers:
  1. George Martin

Early Influences:
  1. Charles Brown
  2. Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys
2000
Performers:
  1. Eric Clapton
  2. Earth, Wind, and Fire
  3. Lovin' Spoonful
  4. The Moonglows
  5. Bonnie Raitt
  6. James Taylor


Nonperformers:
  1. Clive Davis

Early Influences:
  1. Nat King Cole
  2. Billie Holiday

Side Men:
  1. Hal Blaine
  2. King Curtis
  3. James Jamerson
  4. Scotty Moore
  5. Earl Palmer
2001
Performers:
  1. Aerosmith
  2. Solomon Burke
  3. The Flamingos
  4. Michael Jackson
  5. Queen
  6. Paul Simon
  7. Steely Dan
  8. Ritchie Valens

Nonperformers:
  1. Chris Blackwell

Side Men:
  1. James Burton
  2. Johnnie Johnson
2002
Performers:
  1. Isaac Hayes
  2. Brenda Lee
  3. Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
  4. Gene Pitney
  5. Ramones
  6. Talking Heads

Nonperformers:
  1. Jim Stewart

Side Men:
  1. Chet Atkins
2003
Performers:
  1. AC/DC
  2. The Clash
  3. Elvis Costello and the Attractions
  4. The Police
  5. The Righteous Brothers
Nonperformers:
  1. Mo Ostin

Side Men:
  1. Benny Benjamin
  2. Floyd Cramer
  3. Steve Douglas

2004
Performers:
  1. Jackson Browne
  2. The Dells
  3. George Harrison
  4. Prince
  5. Bob Seger
  6. Traffic
  7. ZZ Top

Lifetime Achievement:
  1. Jann S. Wenner
2005
Performers:
  1. Buddy Guy
  2. The O'Jays
  3. The Pretenders
  4. Percy Sledge
  5. U2

Lifetime Achievement:
  1. Frank Barsalona
  2. Seymour Stein
2006
Performers:
  1. Black Sabbath
  2. Blondie
  3. Miles Davis
  4. Lynyrd Skynyrd
  5. Sex Pistols

Lifetime Achievement:
  1. Herb Alpert
  2. Jerry Moss
2007
Performers:
  1. Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five
  2. Patti Smith
  3. R.E.M.
  4. The Ronettes4
  5. Van Halen

2008
Performers:
  1. John Mellencamp
  2. Leonard Cohen
  3. Madonna
  4. The Dave Clark Five
  5. The Ventures

Nonperformers:
  1. Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff

Side Men:
  1. Little Walter
2009
Performers:
  1. Jeff Beck
  2. Little Anthony & the Imperials
  3. Metallica
  4. Run-D.M.C.
  5. Bobby Womack
Early Influences:
  1. Wanda Jackson

Side Men:
  1. Bill Black
  2. DJ Fontana
  3. Spooner Oldham








Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Alphabetical Inductee List  (244)
1987 - 2009



A

AC/DC
Paul Ackerman
Aerosmith
The Allman Brothers Band
The Animals
Louis Armstrong
Chet Atkins

B

LaVern Baker
Hank Ballard
The Band
Frank Barsalona
Dave Bartholomew
Ralph Bass
The Beach Boys
The Beatles
Jeff Beck
The Bee Gees
Benny Benjamin
Chuck Berry
Black Sabbath
Bill Black
Chris Blackwell
Hal Blaine
Bobby "Blue" Bland
Blondie
Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys
Booker T. and the M.G.'s
David Bowie
Charles Brown
James Brown
Ruth Brown
Jackson Browne
Buffalo Springfield
Solomon Burke
James Burton
The Byrds

C

Johnny Cash
Ray Charles
Leonard Chess
Charlie Christian
Eric Clapton
Dick Clark
The Clash
The Coasters
Eddie Cochran
Leonard Cohen
Nat "King" Cole
Sam Cooke
Elvis Costello and the Attractions
Floyd Crame
Cream
Creedence Clearwater Revival
Crosby, Stills, and Nash
King Curtis

D

Bobby Darin
The Dave Clark Five
Clive Davis
Miles Davis
The Dells
Bo Diddley
Dion
Willie Dixon
Fats Domino
Tom Donahue
The Doors
Steve Douglas
The Drifters
Bob Dylan

E

The Eagles
Earth, Wind, and Fire
Duane Eddy
Nesuhi Ertegun
Ahmet Ertegun
The Everly Brothers

F

Leo Fender
The Flamingos
Fleetwood Mac
DJ Fontana
The Four Seasons
The Four Tops
Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers
Aretha Franklin
Alan Freed

G

Milt Gabler
Marvin Gaye
Gerry Goffin and Carole King
Berry Gordy, Jr.
Bill Graham
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
The Grateful Dead
Al Green
Woody Guthrie
Buddy Guy

H

Bill Haley
John Hammond
George Harrison
Isaac Hayes
Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss
Billie Holiday
Holland, Dozier and Holland
Buddy Holly
John Lee Hooker

I

Little Anthony and the Imperials
The Impressions
The Ink Spots
The Isley Brothers

J

Mahalia Jackson
Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
The Jackson Five
James Jamerson
Etta James
Elmore James
Jefferson Airplane
Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
The Jimi Hendrix Experience
Billy Joel
Little Willie John
Elton John
Johnnie Johnson
Robert Johnson
Janis Joplin
Louis Jordan

K

Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff
B. B. King
The Kinks
Gladys Knight and the Pips

L

Lead Belly
Led Zeppelin
Brenda Lee
John Lennon
Jerry Lee Lewis
Little Richard
Little Walter
Lovin' Spoonful
Lynyrd Skynyrd

M

Madonna
The Mamas and the Papas
Bob Marley
Martha and the Vandellas
George Martin
Curtis Mayfield
Paul McCartney
Clyde McPhatter
John Mellencamp
Metallica
Joni Mitchell
Bill Monroe
The Moonglows
Scotty Moore
Van Morrison
Jelly Roll Morton

N

Syd Nathan
Ricky Nelson

O

The O'Jays
Spooner Oldham
Roy Orbison
The Orioles
Mo Ostin
Johnny Otis

P

Earl Palmer
Parliament-Funkadelic
Les Paul
Carl Perkins
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
Sam Phillips
Wilson Pickett
Pink Floyd
Gene Pitney
The Platters
The Police
Doc Pomus
Elvis Presley
The Pretenders
Lloyd Price
Prince
Professor Longhair

Q

Queen

R

Ma Rainey
Bonnie Raitt
Ramones
Otis Redding
Jimmy Reed
R.E.M.
Righteous Brothers
Smokey Robinson
Jimmie Rodgers
The Rolling Stones
The Ronettes
Run-D.M.C.

S

Sam and Dave
Santana
Pete Seeger
Bob Seger
Sex Pistols
Del Shannon
The Shirelles
Paul Simon
Simon and Garfunkel
Percy Sledge
Sly and the Family Stone
Bessie Smith
Patti Smith
The Soul Stirrers
Phil Spector
Dusty Springfield
Bruce Springsteen
The Staple Singers
Steely Dan
Seymour Stein
Rod Stewart
Jim Stewart
The Supremes

T

Talking Heads
James Taylor
The Temptations
Allen Toussaint
Traffic
Big Joe Turner
Ike and Tina Turner

U

U2

V

Ritchie Valens
Van Halen
The Velvet Underground
The Ventures
Gene Vincent

W

T-Bone Walker
Dinah Washington
Muddy Waters
Jann S. Wenner
Jerry Wexler
The Who
Hank Williams
Jackie Wilson
Howlin' Wolf
Bobby Womack
Stevie Wonder

Y

Jimmy Yancey
The Yardbirds
Neil Young
The (Young) Rascals

Z

ZZ Top
Frank Zappa








Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Alphabetical List of All Nominees and (*)Inductees
1987 - 2009




ABBA 2003
AC/DC 2001, 2002, 2003*
Johnny Ace 1986, 1987
Aerosmith 2000, 2001*
The Allman Brothers Band 1995*
The Animals 1990, 1993, 1994*


LaVern Baker 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991*
Hank Ballard 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990*
Afrika Bambaataa 2008
The Band 1994*
The Beach Boys 1988*
Beastie Boys 2008
Jeff Beck 2009*
The Beatles 1988*
The Bee Gees 1996, 1997*
Chuck Berry 1986*
Black Sabbath 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006*
Bill Black 2009*
Bobby Bland 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992*
Blondie 2006*
Booker T & the MGs 1988, 1989, 1992*
David Bowie 1992, 1996*
James Brown 1986*
Ruth Brown 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993*
Jackson Browne 2002, 2004*
Buffalo Springfield 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997*
Solomon Burke 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001*
The Byrds 1991*


Johnny Cash 1990, 1991, 1992*
The Chantels 2002
Ray Charles 1986*
Chic 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008
Eric Clapton 2000*
Dave Clark Five 2006, 2007, 2008*
The Clash 2003*
The Coasters 1986, 1987*
Eddie Cochran 1986, 1987*
Leonard Cohen 2008*
Elvis Costello and the Attractions 2003*
Sam Cooke 1986*
Cream 1992, 1993*
Creedence Clearwater Revival, 1993*
Crosby, Stills, & Nash 1997*


Bobby Darin 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990*
Miles Davis 2006*
The Dells 2002, 2003, 2004*
Bo Diddley 1987*
Dion 1987, 1988, 1989*
Fats Domino 1986*
The Dominoes 1997
The Doors 1993*
The Drifters 1988*
Bob Dylan 1988*


The Eagles 1998*
Earth, Wind, & Fire, 1998, 2000*
Duane Eddy 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994*
The Everly Brothers 1986*


The "5" Royales 2002, 2004
The Flamingos 1986, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2001*
Fleetwood Mac 1998*
DJ Fontana 2009*
The Four Seasons 1988, 1989, 1990*
The Four Tops 1989, 1990*
Aretha Franklin 1986, 1987*


Marvin Gaye 1986, 1987*
J. Geils Band 2005, 2006
Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five 2005, 2006, 2007*
The Grateful Dead 1993, 1994*
Al Green 1995*
Buddy Guy 2005*


Bill Haley 1986, 1987*
George Harrison 2004*
Issac Hayes 2002*
The Jimi Hendrix Experience 1992*
Buddy Holly 1986*
John Lee Hooker 1991*


Little Anthony & the Imperials 2009*
The Impressions 1989, 1990, 1991*
The Isley Brothers 1992*


Michael Jackson 2001*
The Jackson 5 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997*
Wanda Jackson 2005, 2009*
Elmore James 1991 (inducted 1992 as early influence)
Etta James 1992, 1993*
The Jefferson Airplane, 1995, 1996*
Billy Joel 1998, 1999*
Little Willie John 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996*
Elton John 1994*
Janis Joplin 1995*


B.B. King 1986, 1987*
Ben E. King 1986, 1987, 1988
Carole King 1989 (inducted 1990 as non-performer)
King Curtis 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1996 (inducted 2000 as sideman)
The Kinks 1990*
Gladys Knight 1986, 1987, 1990
Gladys Knight & the Pips 1989, 1996*
Kraftwerk 2003


Led Zeppelin 1995*
Brenda Lee 1990, 2001, 2002*
John Lennon 1994*
Jerry Lee Lewis 1986*
Little Richard 1986*
Darlene Love 1999
The Lovin' Spoonful 2000*
Frankie Lymon 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990
Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers 1991, 1992, 1993*
Lynyrd Skynyrd 1997, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006*


Madonna 2008*
The Mamas & the Papas 1997, 1998*
Bob Marley 1990, 1994*
Martha & the Vandellas 1989, 1994, 1995*
Curtis Mayfield 1999*
Paul McCartney 1999*
Clyde McPhatter 1986, 1987*
MC5 2003
John Mellencamp 2004, 2006, 2008*
Metallica 2009*
The Meters 1997
Joni Mitchell 1994, 1995, 1997*
The Moonglows 1991, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000*
Van Morrison 1993*


Ricky Nelson 1987*
The New York Dolls 2001
Randy Newman 2005


Spooner Oldham 2009*
The O'Jays 2000, 2005*
Roy Orbison 1987*


Parliament-Funkadelic 1996, 1997*
Gram Parsons 2002, 2004, 2005
Carl Perkins 1987*
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers 2002*
Esther Phillips 1986, 1987
Wilson Pickett 1989, 1990, 1991*
Pink Floyd 1994, 1996*
Gene Pitney 1986, 1987, 1990, 1992, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2002*
The Platters 1988, 1989, 1990*
The Police 2003*
Elvis Presley 1986*
The Pretenders 2005*
Lloyd Price 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1996, 1997, 1998*
Prince 2004*


Queen 2000, 2001*


Bonnie Raitt 2000*
The Ramones 2002*
Otis Redding 1989*
Jimmy Reed 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991*
Lou Reed 2000, 2001
REM 2007*
The Righteous Brothers 2003*
Smokey Robinson 1986, 1987*
The Rolling Stones 1989*
Ronettes 2007*
Run-D.M.C. 2009*


Sam & Dave 1992*
Santana 1998*
Bob Seger 2001, 2004*
The Sex Pistols 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006*
Del Shannon 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1998, 1999*
The Shirelles 1990, 1995, 1996*
Paul Simon 2001*
Simon & Garfunkel 1990*
Sir Douglas Quintet 2006
Percy Sledge 2005*
Sly & the Family Stone 1993*
Patti Smith 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007*
Dusty Springfield 1998, 1999*
Bruce Springsteen 1999*
The Staples Singers 1999*
Steely Dan 1999, 2000, 2001*
Cat Stevens 2006
Rod Stewart 1993, 1994*
The Stooges 1997, 1998, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007
Donna Summer 2008
The Supremes 1986, 1987, 1988*


Talking Heads 2002*
James Taylor 2000*
The Temptations 1989*
Joe Tex 1998, 2006, 2007
Traffic 2004*
Big Joe Turner 1986, 1987*
Tina Turner 1986, 1987
Ike & Tina Turner 1989, 1990, 1991*
Conway Twitty 2005


U2 2005*


Ritchie Valens 1999, 2001*
Van Halen 2007*
Velvet Underground 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996*
The Ventures 2008*
Gene Vincent 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1998*


Muddy Waters 1986, 1987*
Mary Wells 1986, 1987
The Who 1990*
Chuck Willis 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990
Jackie Wilson 1986, 1987*
Steve Winwood 2003
Bobby Womack 2009*
Stevie Wonder 1989*


The Yardbirds 1990, 1991, 1992*
Neil Young 1995*
The Young Rascals 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997*


Frank Zappa 1993, 1994, 1995*
ZZ Top 2004*








Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Performance Inductees  (149)
(1986 - 2006)

Artist

Artist

Artist

Artist

AC/DC

Fats Domino

John Lennon

The Rolling Stones

Aerosmith

The Doors

Jerry Lee Lewis

Sam and Dave

The Allman Brothers Band

The Drifters

Lovin' Spoonful

Santana

The Animals

Bob Dylan

Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers

Bob Seger

LaVern Baker

The Eagles

Lynyrd Skynyrd

Sex Pistols

Hank Ballard

Earth, Wind, and Fire

Mamas and Papas

Del Shannon

The Band

Duane Eddy

Bob Marley

The Shirelles

The Beach Boys

The Everly Brothers

Martha and the Vandellas

Paul Simon

The Beatles

The Flamingos

Curtis Mayfield

Simon and Garfunkel

The Bee Gees

Fleetwood Mac

Paul McCartney

Percy Sledge

Chuck Berry

The Four Seasons

Clyde McPhatter

Sly and the Family Stone

Black Sabbath

The Four Tops

Joni Mitchell

Dusty Springfield

Bobby “Blue” Bland

Aretha Franklin

The Moonglows

Bruce Springsteen

Blondie

Marvin Gaye

Van Morrison

The Staple Singers

Booker T. and the MG's

The Grateful Dead

Ricky Nelson

Steely Dan

David Bowie

Al Green

The O'Jays

Rod Stewart

James Brown

Buddy Guy

Roy Orbison

The Supremes

Ruth Brown

Bill Haley

Parliament-Funkadelic

Talking Heads

Jackson Browne

George Harrison

Carl Perkins

James Taylor

Buffalo Springfield

Isaac Hayes

Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers

The Temptations

Solomon Burke

Jimi Hendrix Experience

Wilson Pickett

Traffic

The Byrds

Buddy Holly

Pink Floyd

Ike and Tina Turner

Johnny Cash

John Lee Hooker

Gene Pitney

Joe Turner

Ray Charles

The Impressions

The Platters

U2

Eric Clapton

Isley Brothers

The Police

Ritchie Valens

The Clash

Michael Jackson

Elvis Presley

The Velvet Underground

The Coasters

The Jackson Five

The Pretenders

Gene Vincent

Eddie Cochran

Etta James

Lloyd Price

Muddy Waters

Sam Cooke

Jefferson Airplane

Prince

The Who

Elvis Costello and the Attractions

Billy Joel

Queen

Jackie Wilson

Cream

Elton John

Bonnie Raitt

Stevie Wonder

Creedence Clearwater Revival

Little Willie John

Ramones

The Yardbirds

Crosby, Stills and Nash

Janis Joplin

The (Young) Rascals

Neil Young

Bobby Darin

B.B. King

Otis Redding

Frank Zappa

Miles Davis

The Kinks

Jimmy Reed

ZZ Top

The Dells

Gladys Knight and the Pips

Little Richard

Bo Diddley

Led Zeppelin

The Righteous Brothers

Dion

Brenda Lee

Smokey Robinson





(Source:  Rock and Roll Hall of Fame)











It's very interesting who earned their way onto these lists...
it's interesting who did not!  I suppose the opinion of the
600 voters of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation just
may help put many, many things more clearly into perspective.









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